Antelopehorn milkweed is an erect-stemmed plant growing to about 15 inches tall. Leaves are narrow, lance-shaped and about 3 inches long. The flowers are greenish with distinctive purplish horns and are present from March to October. The fruit is a wrinkled pod containing silk-tufted seeds.
Most abundant in westernTexas, this plant has also been recorded in the northern, central and east central regions of the state. It ranges north into Nebraska and west into southern Utah and southeastern California.It often abounds in open pastures, along arroyos, draws, bar ditches, trails and roadsides.
The toxic agents involved are cardiac glycosides. Antelopehorn milkweed poisons all livestock, especially sheep. A toxic dose is generally considered to be 1.2 percent of the animal’s body weight in green plant material.
Signs of poisoning produced by most species of Asclepias differ only in degree. They include: First, profound depression, weakness and staggering; Collapse, followed by frequent, intermittent muscular tremors; Labored respiration, elevated temperature and pupil dilation; Death after a comatose period of variable duration.
Signs appear within a few hours of ingestion of a toxic dose, and death follows within a few days in most fatal cases.
Flower Color: White
Seed Type: Bean/Pod
Stem Texture: Hairless/Smooth
Growth Habit: Forbs/Broadleaf
Distribution : 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah, 04 - Blackland Prairies, 05 - Cross Timbers and Prairies, 06 - South Texas Plains, 07 - Edwards Plateau, 08 - Rolling Plains, 09 - High Plains, 10 - Trans-Pecos
Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. You can also view a clickable map.
Book: Toxic Plants of Texas (B-6105)
Collection: Toxics, Wild Flowers