Fabaceae (Legume family)
Coffee senna is an erect, smooth, hairless, foul-smelling annual growing 2 to 6 feet tall.
Its ascending, branching stem has spirally arranged compound leaves with four to six pairs of leaflets. The leaflets are oval and lance shaped with pointed tips.
The linear seedpods are 4 to 6 inches long, tend to be erect and contain numerous compressed, dull brown or dull green seeds.
Coffee senna is found in East and South Texas and extends east to Florida and north to Virginia. It usually grows in sandy or loamy disturbed soil, often in colonies around pens or shade trees rather than uniformly distributed over a pasture.
Clinical signs of affected animals include: Diarrhea; Weakness; “Alert downers”—not depressed, will eat, but unable to rise; Dark urine; Death.
Once an animal is down, it generally will not recover, even though it is bright-eyed and continues to eat and drink.
Flower Color: Yellow
Seed Type: Bean/Pod
Stem Texture: Hairless/Smooth
Growth Habit: Forbs/Broadleaf
Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. You can also view a clickable map.
Book: Toxic Plants of Texas (B-6105)
Collection: Toxics, Wild Flowers
Livestock Affected: Cattle, Goats, Horses, Sheep
Livestock Signs: Abnormal Urination, Collapse, Depression/ Weakness, Diarrhea, Incoordination